Adderall is a prescription drug that is used legally and abused recreationally. It is taken as a way to improve concentration, heighten focus, stay alert, and remain awake for long periods of time.
Due to the effects of the drug, it is often used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. However, it is also abused by people such as college students and professionals with demanding jobs who wish to optimize their productivity.
When questioning how long Adderall stays in your system, it is essential to remember that the drug can be detected through different drug tests, including urine, saliva, blood, and hair tests. This blog discusses how long Adderall remains detectable through each drug test and how long Adderall stays in your system.
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How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your System?
Adderall can be detected in urine for up to 3 to 4 days after the last dose, in blood for up to 24 hours after the last dose, in saliva for up to 1 to 4 days after the last dose, and in hair for up to 90 days after the last dose. The length of time that Adderall stays in your system can vary depending on your age, weight, metabolism, and the specific formulation of the medication you are taking.
What Is Adderall?
Adderall is a prescription drug used mainly to treat ADHD and narcolepsy - a sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming drowsiness during the day and sleep attacks. As a stimulant medication, Adderall comprises two central nervous system substances called amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It acts in the body to improve focus, reduce impulsive behavior, and increase attention.
Furthermore, Adderall works by increasing dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine levels. These neurotransmitters in the brain are responsible for feelings of pleasure, alertness, and focus.
Adderall is available in two different forms: Adderall and Adderall XR. The effects of the immediate-release form of Adderall (Adderall IR) last around four to six hours. It is typically available in oral pill form. The effects of the extended-release form (Adderall XR) last for around 12 hours. Adderall XR comes in capsules.
Does Adderall Get Abused?
People often believe that prescription drugs are safe and are not susceptible to abuse. However, despite the fact that Adderall is classed as a Schedule II controlled substance, meaning that it carries a significant likelihood of abuse and Adderall addiction, people often abuse Adderall.
Although the reasons for abusing Adderall vary from person to person, some use the drug to gain a sharper focus and a better attention span. Other people may abuse it to stay awake for prolonged periods, making it a tempting drug for college students. For this reason, Adderall is dubbed a study drug.
When prescribed to those living with ADHD, Adderall helps by boosting dopamine and improving focus. Although dopamine levels are usually low in individuals with ADHD, those with sufficient dopamine levels will feel overstimulated when Adderall is taken and may also feel euphoric.
Adderall misuse can easily slip into Adderall addiction as the euphoric feelings can be addictive. Over time, the body will start relying on the drug to produce these chemicals, resulting in physical dependence.
What Are the Effects of Adderall Abuse?
If Adderall is taken without the advice and guidance of licensed medical professionals, people can misuse Adderall and suffer from potentially serious side effects. Unfortunately, this impairs both physical and mental health.
Some of the adverse effects of Adderall misuse include:
- Insomnia and sleep issues
- Irregular heartbeat
- Decreased appetite
- Sexual dysfunction
- Frequent need to urinate
- Twitching and convulsions
- Lower back or side pain
- Peeling skin
- Suicidal thoughts
- Risk of overdose
The side effects of Adderall abuse are serious, but it is entirely possible to break free from addiction with treatment and medical support.
How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your Body?
In a number of different circumstances, you may be required to undergo a drug test for different organizations. These organizations will be looking for amphetamines, which are found in Adderall. Reasons you may need to complete a drug test include:
- For employment
- For sports
- For law enforcement
Medical and mental health professionals are also sometimes required to complete a drug test.
In the body, the gastrointestinal tract absorbs Adderall before the liver deactivates it. But in some cases, Adderall leaves the body in the urine unchanged. The length of time Adderall remains in the body is dependent on a variety of factors, including:
- How frequently Adderall is consumed
- The dose
- Your metabolism
- When you last took Adderall
- Your body composition (body weight, body fat, and height)
- Liver and kidney function
- The pH of your urine (someone with a low urine pH will typically eliminate Adderall faster than someone with a higher pH)
The length of time Adderall stays in your system varies depending on personal factors such as those noted above. These factors also influence the length of time it metabolizes. However, only around 20-25% of Adderall is converted into the metabolites that drug tests detect.
The half-life of Adderall also determines how long it stays in your system. However, the average time is between nine and 14 hours. The half-life refers to the amount of time it takes for the body to reduce Adderall by half, meaning that only half of the drug remains in your system after 14 hours.
How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your Urine?
A urine test is the most common testing method used for detecting Adderall. Urine testing is simple, fast, and painless, and it simply involves dipping a test stick into a cup of urine.
Urine tests generally have a detection window of up to four to seven days after the last dose of Adderall. However, most of the drug is typically eliminated from the body 72 hours after the last dose.
How long until Adderall is out of your urine
Adderall can be detected in urine for up to 48 hours after the last dose. However, these detection times can vary and are not always accurate. The amount of time that Adderall stays in the system can vary depending on individual factors such as age, weight, and liver function, as well as the dosage and frequency of use
How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your Blood?
Blood tests can have a detection window of 12 to 24 hours. Adderall can be detectable for up to 46 hours after use.
How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your Hair Follicles?
Hair follicle tests to detect Adderall are not so common, but they are helpful as they have the most extended window of detection.
Adderall can be detected in hair follicle tests for up to three months after taking the drug. The downside, however, is that it can take up to a week for Adderall metabolites to show up in hair follicles.
How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your Saliva?
Saliva tests can be used to detect Adderall, although they are not frequently conducted to detect stimulants.
A saliva test is generally the fastest drug testing method as it can start detecting metabolites 20 minutes after taking Adderall. They can be used to detect Adderall for up to 48 hours after the last dose.
Getting Help for Drug Abuse
If you are worried about your drug use, addiction treatment options are available to help you begin your journey to recovery. If you have been abusing or taking Adderall recreationally, you may have a substance use disorder that needs professional medical advice and treatment.
At Cornerstone, our team of medical professionals can help you stop abusing Adderall, guide you through the detox process, and give you a personalized plan for recovery. The withdrawal symptoms make Adderall hard to quit alone, so it is important to be supported through this.
The answer to how long does Adderall stay in your system is dependent on many factors, such as your body composition, the extent of your Adderall consumption, organ function, and the time of your final dose.
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If you are looking for a compassionate, empowering service that works to boost your health and self-confidence, Cornerstone is here to fulfill your needs. Contact us today for specialist support for addiction recovery.