Therapies Available at Cornerstone
At Cornerstone we offer a vast range of therapeutic approaches to addiction and mental health issues, and we deliver them through a number of different channels including outpatient therapy, partial hospitalization (PHP) and residential treatment. We know that everybody is different and has a unique set of needs and requirements that need to be personally tailored for each individual. Therefore we offer therapy on a one-to-one basis, group therapy and even family and couples therapy. Below is a more detailed breakdown of the various therapeutic modalities available at Cornerstone:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Widely cited as one of the most effective therapeutic techniques for treating issues of mental health, Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a therapeutic process whereby the individual compartmentalizes their most negative patterns of thought. As issues of mental health often begin and perpetuate as a result of irregular, profoundly destructive thoughts, which later manifest into behaviors, it is the most logical starting point. Breaking down these thoughts allows the individual to deal with them in a more controlled, rational way. Allowing for a greater level of clarity and calmness when addressing them in the future.
There is a great deal of stress placed on the present when participating in this form of therapy; as it facilitates the transformation of the individual’s thought process as a whole, it provides the individual with techniques to deal with any potential negative thoughts they come into contact with post-therapy.
Some of the most frequently listed mental health conditions associated with this form of therapy are: depression; anxiety; addiction; obsessive compulsive disorder; post-traumatic stress disorder; phobias; chronic fatigue syndrome; insomnia and eating disorders.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Similar to CBT, Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) places an explicit focus on dealing with overwhelming and intense emotions experienced by an individual. This individualistic approach allows the therapy user to begin to understand feelings of intense emotion they’re experiencing, and, eventually accept them. By reducing irrational, destructive behavior, individuals will be able to massively improve their quality of life and mental well-being in the future, without the presence of a therapist. This therapy is particularly effective in dealing with conditions such as bipolar disorder, anger management issues and PTSD – especially among individuals who have been sexually abused.
Mindfulness is a form of therapy that focuses on recovery through acceptance. By acknowledging the present, the individual is able to move through feelings of extreme sadness, anger or angst – to name a few. The main point of this therapy is to enable the individual to reflect on feelings of negativity without allowing them to overwhelm them. This technique is incredibly effective in treating extreme anxiety and depression, and, coupled with a supplementary well-being activity such as meditation, is highly effective in relieving symptoms.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
Eye Movement desensitization and reprocessing (EDMR) is a unique, widely utilized treatment that focuses on producing rhythmic eye movements within a patient. In creating these movements therapists are able to engage and assist the patient in recalling disturbing memories and the accompanying negative emotions that come with that memory. After this, the therapist will then begin to change the profoundly negative thoughts into positive ones while continuing to engage in the EDMR therapy, which involves the therapist moving his hands to different positions and for the patient to follow. EDMR has been cited as reducing the severity of disturbing memories in patients and has been exceptionally effective in treatment of Post-traumatic stress disorder.
Other disorders with a notable improvement in symptoms include; anxiety, depression, stress, panic attacks, insomnia, OCD, phobias grief, pain relief – specifically phantom limb syndrome, addiction, eating disorders and self-harm.
Cognitive Analytic Therapy
Primarily designed to tackle negative memories and associated feelings, Cognitive Analytic therapy (CAT) looks to equip patients with the skills to work through negative emotions and memories, and evaluate previous negative experiences and the significance of their contribution to their current mental state. At Cornerstone, our experts will work with patients to help plan future coping methodologies that are best suited to them. CAT sessions encourage cooperation and develop a sense of empathy among patient and therapist.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Highly effective in treating anxiety and depression related disorders Acceptance and Commitment therapy (or ACT) addresses acceptance and promotes mindfulness within patients. Focusing on behavioral changes and creating a clear sense of commitment, ACT is rooted in the belief that the robust nature of mental illness causes sufferers to feel a sense of helplessness. Preventing them from taking the prerequisite steps to address these issues. For patients, ACT promotes acceptance of this feeling of helplessness, or things that are out of the patients control and encourage them to a greater commitment to improving mental well being a mental rigidity, during and post-therapy.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Interpersonal therapy (IPT) examines how negative and unhealthy relationships have contributed to the development of mental health issues. Evaluating the impact of interpersonal interactions and their contribution to current mental health and well-being, IPT provides patients with a more optimistic perspective on future interpersonal interactions and in turn, change, influence and inspire healthy, positive interaction techniques that can encourage mental well being. It has been found to be optimal in treating anxiety, depression and eating disorders.
Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT)
Compassion focused therapy is a treatment that looks to tackle overly self-critical individuals by fostering a sense of self-worth and thus creating a more positive view themselves. Noted as most effective in dealing with individuals who have suffered abuse along with anxiety, self-esteem issues, depression and or anger-management and accompanying issues around self harm.
Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT)
Emotion focused therapy seeks to improve emotional awareness and increase understanding of emotions within the individual. By encouraging individuals to absorb feeling and engage more with their various emotional states, our experts are gradually able to shift the individuals perspective of emotions from perpetually negative to more positive. In doing so, patients are able to take greater control of their full emotional spectrum. Sessions focus on practical coping mechanism that can be implemented in everyday life.
Person Centered Therapy
Different from all the aforementioned therapies discussed above, person centered therapy (PCT) focuses on the principle that humans have an intrinsic yearning to fulfill their full potential while acknowledging that previous life events and experiences have also contributed to mental health issues. To achieve the dialogue needed for the therapy to be fully effective, our experts will develop a complex empathetic and cooperative relationship with the patient. By allowing our therapists to understand these experiences and the patient as a whole, they are then able to work on promoting self-acceptance and a clear and distinguished sense of self-worth. Furthermore, the technique creates a better understanding of emotions for the patient so, in the future they are able to make changes to improve their own mental well-being.
This therapy has been found most effective in dealing with a number of disorders including; depression, anxiety, personality disorders and addiction.
Psychodynamic counseling is profound in its depth of analysis. The focus of this form of therapy is to establish a link between past experiences and present emotions and associated behaviors of the individual. PC sessions will involve patients uncovering and investigating how past life experiences have influenced their ability to absorb and respond to different circumstances surrounding them. Sessions will also delve into how these events have formed the patient’s current state of mind. This allows patients to deal with challenging situations in a more adept manner, with the majority of findings highlighting its efficiency in remedying certain anxiety disorders, mainly phobias and OCD.
Noted as most effective in dealing with cases of PTSD, Integrative counseling draws inspiration from a variety of therapies. Centered solely around the individual, integrative counseling adopts the approach that the individuality of each patient means that no single treatment is sufficient in treating patients across a range of backgrounds and culminating past experiences. In essence, integrative counseling isn’t necessarily a form of therapy itself, but rather merges a number of different therapies together in sessions. This includes but is not limited to; CBT, psychodynamic therapies and humanist therapies. Along with PTSD, integrative counseling has been highly effective in treating both anxiety and depression too.
Like integrative counseling, schema therapy is an amalgamation of cognitive, behavioral and psychodynamic therapies – drawing influence from all. Schema therapy looks to deconstruct habitual negative thoughts and feelings that have led to patients to experience mental health issues. These habitually negative thoughts are known as schemas and are some of the most robust, negative thoughts experienced by patients. These thoughts generally exert the greatest amount of influence on a patient’s sense of identity, their beliefs and subsequent behaviors. Schema therapy has often been used as an alternative for individuals who have struggled to see progress when partaking in CBT.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
REBT establishes a link between how our heightened sense of emotions are directly affected by thoughts and the beliefs they spawn. At Cornerstone, our main aim is to modify how patients view these highly negative thoughts and emotions, allowing for patients to start to think more objectively and rationally about these thoughts. Our experts place a great deal of emphasis on positive expression of emotion and in doing so provide patients with the skills to begin recovery from serious mental health issues. This form of therapy helps re-sculpt patients most deep-rooted thought patterns and in turn, helps reduce stress experienced as a result of these emotions.
Transactional analysis, like REBT and schema therapy, takes aspects of psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, humanist and integrative methods of therapy. Its primary aim is to promote personal growth and in doing so stimulate change. Underpinning transactional analysis is the concept that each individual has three distinct ego states – parent, adult and child. Sessions will work systematically through these ego states allowing greater communication between patient and therapist as sessions continue. By dissecting all three ego states, patients are then able to understand why their life may have become so chaotic and take back control of it. From a therapists perspective TA can be highly effective when there is an initial difficulty in communication between therapist and patient.
Solution Focused Therapy
Solution focused therapy predominantly looks to the future, while briefly acknowledging the significance of past events and experiences. During sessions therapists will encourage patients to explore some of their personal strengths which will allow them to overcome current mental health issues, and help alleviate any that pop up in the future. This will allow patients to pursue their own goals in life while giving them the tools to find solutions rather than solving problems. Depressions, anxiety, stress and addiction have all been linked to a massive improvement in mental well-being, following this treatment.
Existential therapy takes a novel approach to mental health issues. Taking a holistic view of the individual it, much like Integrative counseling, views the individual’s collection of experiences as highly unique. Existential therapy grounds itself in the view that individuals battle with the concept of existence, and, as a result of this battle can develop or further exacerbate issues of mental health. In order to remedy this, existential therapy forces individuals to take on these worries and anxieties; doing so, will gives control and choice back to the individual, rather than remaining a victim of these anxieties. The therapy grounds patients in the present and allows them to begin to address their own mental health issues in the future, without the need of an expert present.
Pyschoeducation workshops are primarily designed to allow patients to develop a more detailed and in-depth understanding of their own personal mental health issues and challenges. By identifying and labeling some of the biggest components of mental health, patients are able to tailor the workshop towards developing a greater understanding of how mental health issues not only affect them, but the people around them. The four main areas examined in workshops are – self-worth, anger management, impact of trauma and co-dependency within relationships. It is a great way of educating patients on the ramifications of their actions.
Equine Assisted therapy
Equine assisted therapy is a highly unique therapy that involves working with a horse, a professional horse handler and your therapist. The therapy allows patients to uncover facets of their personality they didn’t know they possessed while interacting with the horse. In addition, it brings with it significant changes in the patient’s behavior. Due to this, it has been widely used in tackling behavioral based issues including addiction, anger management, anxiety, a collection of autism related disorders and PTSD.
Art therapy provides patients who may struggle with communication to engage in a form of expression that doesn’t require verbal communication. By allowing expression through art, patients can express some of their subconscious thoughts that they may find too emotionally distressing discuss, or are even unable to discuss. Art therapy allows patients to access these thoughts and articulate them without having to speak, which for many is a highly favorable form of therapy.
Characterized as a form of group therapy, psychodrama allows individuals to gain other perspectives of themselves and others. Sessions will delve into how the past has influenced their current mental state, and, greatly enables patients to change some aspects of their dysfunctional behavior. By opening up to a larger group, patients are able to feed off the group’s energy – allowing for a cathartic release for each individual in the session while releasing some highly repressed feelings. By acknowledging these feelings individuals are able to tackle challenges head-on. Psychodrama has been widely used in treating PTSD, phobias, depression, self-harm and eating disorders.
In addition to the therapies provided at Cornerstone, we also provide supplementary activities to improve patient well-being and mental health. These activities provide holistic healing for out and in-patient recovery. Our facilities at Cornerstone mean we can put together a personalized treatment schedule. Such activities include; yoga, tai-chi and meditation classes. Along with, acupuncture, massage treatments, reflexology, aromatherapy, fitness classes, group walks, community based trips, recreational quizzes, movie nights and even nutritional support.